We were recently contacted by a new coffee drinker who wanted to know, as a complete newbie, what coffee to drink and why. For those of you familiar with our website, you will see that we have a great graphic that goes a long way to explaining the coffee scale!
To take it to the next level, and to help our new customer out (we are good like that!) we thought we would expand a bit more in this blog.
A Mocha is a cappuccino with chocolate syrup or powder added. There can be wide variations in exactly how this is prepared, so make sure you ask your coffee house how they do it before you order.
A Latte is a single shot of espresso to three parts of steamed milk.
Cappuccino is a hugely popular drink. A true cappuccino is a combination of equal parts espresso, steamed milk and milk froth. This luxurious drink, if made properly, can double as a dessert with its complex flavours and richness.
An Americano is a single shot of espresso added to a cup of hot water. The name is thought to have originated as a bit of an insult to Americans, who had to dilute their espresso when it first gained popularity in America.
A Flat White is similar to a latte, and is prepared with espresso and milk. The main difference between a latte and a flat white is the ratio of milk and espresso.
The flat white has less milk than a latte and usually a bit less foam on top. Unlike many people think, the flat white does have foam on top. Foaming milk whilst steaming gives the milk a creamier flavour so it’s recommended to always foam the milk, even when it’s just a little bit.
Macchiato is an espresso coffee drink with a small amount of milk added, today usually foamed milk. In Italian, macchiato means 'stained' or 'spotted' so the literal translation of café macchiato is 'stained coffee', or coffee with a spot of milk.
Espresso is a strong black coffee made by forcing steam through dark-roast aromatic coffee beans at high pressure in an espresso machine. A perfectly brewed espresso will have a thick, golden-brown crema (foam) on the surface. If the crema is good, the sugar you add will float on the surface for a couple of seconds before slowly sinking to the bottom.
A Ristretto is a short shot of Espresso coffee which is made by forcing the water through Espresso selection beans faster and at higher pressures than Espresso coffee. Due to less dilution with water, the Ristretto yields higher concentrations of Caffeine than that of an Espresso and Americano.