So you love Coffee? Ever wondered how it gets from itsorigin to your favourite mug?
We get asked this quite a bit, so here goes: -
A coffee bean is actually a seed. When dried, roasted andground, it is used to brew coffee. But if the seed is not processed, itcan be planted and will grow into a coffee tree.
2. Harvesting the Cherries
Depending on the variety, it will take approximately 3 or 4years for the newly planted coffee trees to begin to bear fruit. The fruit,called the coffee cherry, turns a bright, deep red when it is ripe andready to be harvested.
3. Processing the Cherries
Once the coffee has been picked, processing must begin asquickly as possible to prevent spoilage.
4. Drying the Beans
Once dried, these beans, referred to as 'parchmentcoffee,' are warehoused in sisal or jute bags until they are readied forexport.
5. Milling the Beans
This is an optional process in which any silver skin thatremains on the beans after hulling is removed in a polishing machine. Whilepolished beans are considered superior to unpolished ones, in reality there islittle difference between the two.
6. Exporting the Beans
The milled beans, now referred to as 'green coffee,' areready to be loaded onto ships for transport to the importingcountry. Approximately seven million tons of green coffeeis produced worldwide each year.
7. Tasting the Coffee
At every stage of its production, coffee is repeatedlytested for quality and taste. This process is referred to as 'cupping'and usually takes place in a room specifically designed to facilitate theprocess.
8. Roasting the Coffee
Roasting transforms green coffee into the aromatic brownbeans that we purchase, either whole or already ground, in our favouritestores.
9. Grinding Coffee
The objective of a proper grind is to get the most flavourin a cup of coffee. How coarse or fine the coffee is ground depends on themethod by which the coffee is to be brewed. Generally, the finer the grind themore quickly the coffee should be prepared.
10. Brewing Coffee
Before you brew your coffee, take a moment to look carefullyat the beans. Smell their aroma. Think of the many processes that thesebeans have gone through since the day they were handpicked and sorted in theirorigin country.